Detailed write up :
- Scheme Objectives
The broad objectives of the plan scheme have been concentrated on conservation of fibre resource, conservation of utilities (water, energy), improvement in product quality, environmental management and infrastructure development.
- Coverage and Eligibility
The activities of the scheme are concentrated on the Pulp and Paper Sector. The core eligibility for research under the scheme is based on the requirements / current & emerging issues/process/ bottlenecks being faced by the Indian pulp paper and allied industries.
Budget Availability /Utilization since last five years
The budget outlay approved by the SFC for 12th Five year plan (2012-17) for CPPRI was Rs.25.0crore, against which Rs.10.37crore has been released till March, 2016 and Rs.2.5crore has been allocated for the financial year 2016-17. The funds allocated have been completely utilized till 2015-16 and the allocations made in 2016-17 is also expected to be utilized completely.
Physical progress against milestones till the end of previous year and during the year 2016-17
The physical progress of activities is placed hereunder:-
S.No Name of Project Physical Performance/shortfalls A RAW MATERIAL AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 1 Utilization of Rice Straw and other Non Conventional Raw Materials for Production of Various Grades of Pulp The physical targets have been reported to be achieved with no shortfalls. No portion of the activity requires to be carried over to the next plan period. 2 New approaches in processing & paper making of recycled fiber to improve the quality of end product. The objectives of the activity were achieved in partiality in view of changing requirement in quality parameters of end products as per the market demand as well as technological advancement that has taken place in the recent past. Hence the activity is planned to be carried forward till 2020 B ENERGY CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 3 Incremental Capacity Enhancement and Improved Efficiency of Conventional Chemical Recovery System in Wood and Non wood based Paper Mills. The physical objects of the project have been achieved. No part of the study needs to be carried forward by way of further investigations. 4 Implementation of enzyme applications in Pulp & Paper Industry. The physical objectives of the project have largely been achieved butCPPRI is proposing that the project be extended till March 2019 to complete the fermenter based studies. It has also been reported that in case of bioremediation, the bacterial consortia investigated under the study did not yield the desired results in treatment of liquid wastes from paper industry particularly with reference of lowering of BOD and COD and further studies are needed on the same. 5 Water conservation through application of kidney technologies in Indian Pulp & Paper Industry. The investigations under the project have to be extended in view of additional work that needs to be carried out due to promulgation of CPCBcharter for Water Recycling and Pollution Prevention in Pulp & Paper Industries wherein stringent fresh water consumption and waste water discharge and pollution load discharge norms have been enforced (specific reference to mills falling under Ganga river basin). The project activities need to be further extended to carry out in-depth studies to help the mills in optimal utilization of fresh water , reduce discharge of waste water and pollution load through upgradation of ETP , adoption of appropriate treatment strategies including physico- chemical & membrane filtration etc so as to
achieve Charter compliance.
C INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT AND CAPACITY BUILDING ACTIVITIES 6 Setting up of Paper board and Specialty paper testing facilities at CPPRI It has been reported that only some facilities for testing of paper board have been added within the allocated budget. However, there is still a need to purchase some specific equipment to create full fledged testing facilities of paper board. The project is thus proposed to be extended to 2020 with request for additional funds. 7 Modernization of CPPRI Library The project has been completed in all respects and it has been reported that the objectives laid down therein have been met. 8 Strengthening of training and HRD infrastructure in Pulp, Paper and Allied industry. Under the project, it was mainly envisaged to construct a separate training centre at CPPRI, Saharanpur. Work was awarded to CPWD for the Building design (Green Building/ Eco friendly for physically handicaps) CPWD officials identified the site for construction of training Center and submit the drawing with Estimate. However, the execution of the work was not carried out due to limitation of funds and certain terms and conditions of the CPWD. It has been proposed that the project will be cast afresh with revised outlays and laid down terms and conditions acceptable to both CPPRI andCPWD. The proposal will then be put up for approval of the competent authority. 9 Infrastructure and Capacity Building (Infrastructure for Civil / Electrical/ Mechanical/ Information Technology & Maintenance of R&D facilities at CPPRI) The project has met its deliverables successfully. However, is submitted that this activity is of a continuous nature and hence the project needs to be extended beyond March 2017 to ensure smooth execution of various infrastructures involved in execution of the R&D work and general functioning of the institute.
- Salient features :
Raw Material & Product Development
- Mixed pulping and bleaching of rice straw and wheat straw in different proportions shows reduction in kappa no. by 2% and increase in brightness up to 5%, results shows significant improvement in yield and viscosity.
- Oxygen delignification of Lantana Camara resulted in pulp with brightness 35.72 % ISO and viscosity 624.12 cm3/gm, which further enhanced to 82% and reduced to 505 cm3/gm respectively after ECF bleaching.
- Kappa no. of laboratory cooked unbleached coir fibres pulp with 80% cooking chemical as Na2O was found to be 28 with brightness 23% ISO and viscosity 533 cm3/gm and after DEpD bleaching brightness and viscosity were recorded as 87% ISO and 398 cm3/gm. similar findings were observed at pilot scale.
- The studies conducted on Indian OCC furnish have shown remarkable improvement in Fiber Strength (FS), Bursting Strength (BS) and Zero Span Tensile Strength (ZSTS) as the treatment helped in improving the Water Retention Value (WRV) of the treated pulps which helped in improved refining thereby improving fiber strength. Around 20-40% improvement was observed in Bursting Strength (BS) and 10-40% improvement in Fiber Strength (FS) eventually improving Zero Span Tensile Strength (ZSTS) by 10-50% with different formulated treatments. The stock was subjected to different types of formulated treatment using additives and tested for improvement in Water Retention Value (WRV) and Zero Span Tensile Strength (ZSTS) and Bursting strength improvement.
- Studies conducted on used Tetra Pak carton fibre revealed that the fibre quality and strength of these used Tetra Pak cartons is exceptionally good and can be reinforced with Indian OCC and American OCC by 10-20% to improve the quality of packaging grades of paper.
- Blending study of used Tetra Pak carton with Indian OCC and American OCC revealed that use of 10 to 20% blend of used Tetra Pak carton with Indian OCC and American OCC improves the final strength properties of Packaging grade of paper in comparison to 100% Indian OCC and American OCC.
- Studies conducted on biopolymer treated Indian OCC furnish have shown remarkable improvement in Zero Span Tensile Strength (ZSTS) and burst factor. The studies also indicated that acid sizing is detrimental improve the bonding properties in comparison to alkaline sizing, which restored the bonding strength of treated pulp. Study also revealed that when the paper was surface sized with biopolymer, there is a remarkable improvement to the tune of 8 to 9 units in bursting strength in comparison to non surface sized treated pulp.
- Studies continued on improving the deinking efficiency of newsprint using deinking aid chemicals.
- Technical services rendered to 150 Pulp, Paper Mills and Allied Industry in the area of paper making and Recycledfibre processing.
Energy Conservation & Environment Management
- Lignin sample evaluated and studies conducted on utilization of lignin in rubber industry have shown encouraging results.
- Studies on Pilot scale hydrolyser for hydrolysis of rice straw was successfully completed.
- Optimization studies w.r.t. enzyme dosage was carried out for prebleaching of pulp with laccase enzyme.
- Bioremediation studies were conducted using selected bacterial strains. The pollution load reduction efficiency of these strains was evaluated in paper mill effluent.
- Optimization of salt and alkali combination for effective regeneration of resin was successfully carried out. Maximum reduction in color and lignin was achieved using resin regenerated with 10% salt and 2% caustic combination.
- Study on build up of TDS & COD due to Zero discharge (ZLD) in kraft paper based mill was completed & report submitted to mill.
- Visit undertaken to an integrated paper mill for carrying out water audit, ETP adequacy assessment & performance evaluation and report prepared.
Infrastructure & Capacity Building Activities
- Manpower was trained on newly procured crush tester in paper.
- Numbers of samples received from mills supplier were evaluated for different properties.
- Compilation of News bulletin for the period up to December 2015 is completed.
- Barcoding of books is completed.
- Digitization of CPPRI Annual reports from year 1980 to 2015 has been completed.
- Current Awareness Service (CAS) and Table of Content (TOC) was completed up to December 2015 and circulated to member mills.
- Around 170 trainees including technical personnel & students from various Universities/ Institutes/ Pulp & Paper mills were trained in the area of pulp & paper manufacturing, pulping & bleaching of raw material, paper testing, chemical recovery, environmental management, energy conservation in pulp & paper industry and recycling waste paper.
- Remetelling of road of CPPRI Residential Colony is completed.
- Repairing of Fiber Fractionators & tumbling Digester/ Purchase of Spares of Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer of (AAS)/ Replacement of Tube well pumps in Residential colony.
- Routine maintenance of Electrical/Mechanical/Civil/ Computer hardware/office vehicles and supply of utilities (water, compressed air, electricity) & communication services were provided as per requirement.
- Implementing agency
Central Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Saharanpur
- Monitoring and Review Mechanism
The monitoring and review of the Plan Projects are carried out by the Research Advisory Committee (RAC) of CPPRI, which is Chaired by the Joint Secretary, In-Charge, Paper, DIPP, Govt. of India. The members of the RAC are drawn from the paper industry, associations, other research institutes and the academia. The RAC meets from time to time as per requirement and takes presentations on the on-going projects and offeresmid course correction advice wherever needed.
- Findings of evaluation if any
The 12th Plan Projects are scheduled to be submitted for evaluation by a peer agency shortly. The finding of evaluations are expected by April 2017
- Scheme guidelines up to 31/12/2016.
The scheme covers research projects concentrated on the pulp, paper and allied industries and as such there are no specific guidelines for execution of the scheme. The projects proposed for R&D are reviewed and approved by the RAC at the first instance and subsequently approved by the SFC as per laid down procedure.
- Circulars/ Notifications/Orders with file name indicating subject line in a self explanatory manner
The details of the file dealing with the approval of the Plan Schemes for CPPRI under the 12th Five Year Plan is placed below
File No. : 10(12)/2011-Paper (Vol. I and II)
Title : In principal approval of Projects/ Schemes of Central Pulp and Paper Research Institute (CPPRI) to be implemented during the 12th Plan (2012-17)
*Budget Availability for Each Scheme/Programme:
(Rs. in lacs)
Year Plan Allocation Plan Expenditure Non-Plan Allocation Non-Plan Expenditure 2012-13 88 88 563 563 2013-14 353 353 538 538 2014-15 326 326 804 804 2015-16 270 176* 525 525
*Rs.94lacs carry forward to in the FY 2016-17.
(Rs. in lacs)
Year Plan Allocation Plan Expenditure Non-Plan Allocation Non-Plan Expenditure Q1 92.50 92.50 262.50 262.50 Q2 62.50 70.50
(including Rs 8.0 from carried forward amount)
175.00 175.00 Q3 95.00 181.00
(including Rs 86.00 from carried forward amount)
87.50 87.50 Q4
- Scheme Objectives