The Policy recognizes that India has a well-established TRIPS-compliant legislative, administrative and judicial framework to safeguard IPRs, which meets its international obligations while utilizing the flexibilities provided in the international regime to address its developmental concerns. It reiterates India’s commitment to the Doha Development Agenda and the TRIPS agreement.
With this document, India aims to place before the world a vibrant and predictable IP regime, which stimulates creativity and innovation across sectors, as also facilitates a stable, transparent and service-oriented IPR administration in the country.
An IPR Think Tank was constituted to undertake an in-depth study on the IPR scenario in the country and prepare a draft National IPR Policy. It engaged actively with various stakeholders from all over the world. Based on the comments received from the public, various Ministries/ Departments, in-depth deliberations and the inputs received from the Think Tank, the National IPR policy was formulated.
The broad contours of the National IPR Policy are delineated below:
Vision Statement: An India where creativity and innovation are stimulated by Intellectual Property for the benefit of all; an India where intellectual property promotes advancement in science and technology, arts and culture, traditional knowledge and biodiversity resources; an India where knowledge is the main driver of development, and knowledge owned is transformed into knowledge shared.
Stimulate a dynamic, vibrant and balanced intellectual property rights system in India to:
foster creativity and innovation and thereby, promote entrepreneurship and enhance socio-economic and cultural development, and
focus on enhancing access to healthcare, food security and environmental protection, among other sectors of vital social, economic and technological importance.
The Policy lays down the following seven objectives:
IPR Awareness: Outreach and Promotion - To create public awareness about the economic, social and cultural benefits of IPRs among all sections of society.
Generation of IPRs - To stimulate the generation of IPRs.
Legal and Legislative Framework - To have strong and effective IPR laws, which balance the interests of rights owners with larger public interest.
Administration and Management - To modernize and strengthen service-oriented IPR administration.
Commercialization of IPRs - Get value for IPRs through commercialization.
Enforcement and Adjudication - To strengthen the enforcement and adjudicatory mechanisms for combating IPR infringements.
Human Capital Development - To strengthen and expand human resources, institutions and capacities for teaching, training, research and skill building in IPRs.
These objectives are sought to be achieved through detailed action points. The action by different Ministries/ Departments shall be monitored by DIPP which shall be the nodal department to coordinate, guide and oversee implementation and future development of IPRs in India.
Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM): A Cell CIPAM shall be created as a professional body under aegis of DIPP to address the 7 identified objectives of the Policy. Among other aspects, it shall study IP processes to simplify and streamline them, monitor public grievances, oversee capacity building of human resources and institutions for outsourced search activities, promote commercialization of IPRs and endeavor to provide a platform to connect innovators and creators to potential users, buyers, investors and funding institutions. It will coordinate with agencies at State level and with the various Ministries/ Departments of the Union Government. The data generated at CIPAM shall serve as a valuable resource for future policy.
Awareness Campaign: To be launched in schools, institutions of higher education like engineering colleges and law schools, centres of skill development, industry clusters etc, it aims to foster an IP culture in the country by creating awareness about the economic, social and cultural benefits of IPRs among all sections and enabling people to realize the value of their IPs as also respect for other IPRs. Syllabi and suitable course materials to emphasize importance of IPRs, shall be formulated for educational institutions at all levels.
IP Cells: IP cells shall be created in key Ministries/ Departments of the Govt of India, which are vital the field of IPRs, as well as in State Governments, Industry associations and clusters and major academic institutions. CIPAM shall coordinate with the Cells.
Generation, registration and commercialization: The Policy aims to encourage creativity and innovation, leading to generation of IPs and their protection through IPRs. Registration of Geographical Indications (GIs) shall be encouraged through support institutions. Action shall be taken to encourage R&D as well as to improve IPR output from Govt laboratories and organizations, with special focus on national priority areas.
Apart from creation of IPRs, for their effective commercialisation, it is essential to Identify opportunities for marketing Indian IPR-based products, especially GIs, and services to a global audience.
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL): TKDL’s ambit is to be expanded to include other fields besides Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani & Siddha. The possibility of using TKDL for furthering R&D by public research institutions and private sector will be explored.
The Policy recognizes the importance of effective coordination between Patent office and National Biodiversity Authority for speeding up the disposal of patent applications using biological resources and associated TK.
Cadre Management in IP Offices: The Policy recognizes the crucial role of a motivated work force in productivity enhancements. The organizational and cadre structure of the Indian IP Offices shall be studied and reviewed with a view to enhance efficiency and productivity.
Access to Medicines: Access to affordable medicines and other healthcare solutions is becoming a challenge for all countries. India too faces a growing challenge on this count. The Policy recognises this and aims to enhance this by (a) encouraging cross-sector partnerships between public sector, private sector, universities and NGOs; (b) promoting novel licensing models, and (c) developing novel technology platforms.
Piracy/ Counterfeiting: Offline and online piracy is a serious concern and needs to be combated through public awareness as also legal and enforcement mechanisms.
Assistance to smaller firms: Smaller firms need assistance for protection of their IPRs internationally. Schemes such as DeitY's Support for International Patent Protection in Electronics and IT (SIP-EIT) are to be enhanced.
Judicial Awareness & Resolution of IP disputes: Since IPRs are a specialised discipline, awareness amongst the judiciary is crucial since judicial precedents set the tone of the country’s IP regime. For this, it is important that IP modules for judges be formulated, including regular IP workshops / colloquia at the judicial academies. Commercial Courts set up at appropriate levels will be responsible for adjudicating IP disputes.
Resolution of IP cases through Alternate Dispute Resolution methods shall reduce burden on judiciary and provide speed and inexpensive resolution of disputes. Mediation and conciliation centres need strengthening, and ADR capabilities and skills in the field of IP developed.
Review: A detailed review of IPR Policy shall be undertaken every five years. Continuous and regular Review will be done by a Committee to be constituted for this purpose under the Secretary, DIPP.