UNIDO was set up in 1966 and became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1985.
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the only worldwide organization dealing exclusively with industry from a development
perspective. It focuses its resources and expertise to support developing countries and economies in transition in their efforts to achieve sustainable
industrial development. As a technical cooperation agency, it designs and implements programmes focussed on three thematic priorities, which directly
respond to global development priorities. Through these thematic priorities, UNIDO addresses some of the key UN Millennium Development Goals.
UNIDO has at present 172 countries as its Members and is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. UNIDO is headed by a Director-General who is elected by the
General Conference of UNIDO for a term of four years. The current Director-General of UNIDO is Mr. Li Yong.
The three areas of current focus in UNIDO’s activities are:
Poverty reduction through productive activities:
UNIDO seeks to enable the poor to earn a living through industrial activities,
thus to find a way out of poverty. It provides a comprehensive range of services customized for developing countries and transition economies,
ranging from industrial policy advice to entrepreneurship and SME development and from technology diffusion to sustainable production and the
provision of rural energy for productive uses.
Developing countries are benefiting from increasingly participating in the global trading system.
Thus, strengthening their capacity to participate in global trade is critical for their future economic growth. Especially after their accession to the WTO,
their technical ability to enter into global production and value chains is the key for their successful participation in international trade. UNIDO is one of
the largest providers of trade-related development services, offering customer-focussed advice and integrated technical assistance in the areas of competitiveness,
trade policies, industrial modernisation and upgrading, compliance with trade standards, testing methods and metrology.
Environment and Energy:
Energy is a pre-requisite for poverty reduction. Still, fundamental changes in the way societies
produce and consume are indispensable for achieving global sustainable development. UNIDO, therefore, promotes sustainable patterns of industrial consumption and
production. As a leading provider of services for improved energy efficiency and sustainability, UNIDO assists developing countries and transition economies in
implementing multilateral environmental agreements and in simultaneously reaching their economic and environmental goals.
The geographical focus of the Organization’s activities is the developing countries, in particular
the least developed countries.
Policy Making Organs
The main Policy Making Organs of UNIDO are the General Conference, Industrial Development Board
and the Programme and Budget Committee. India is a Member of all these three organs.
GGeneral Conference (GC):
The General Conference (GC) is UNIDO’s supreme policymaking organ where all
Member States meet once every two years. It determines the guiding principles and policies of the Organization, approves the budget and work
programme of UNIDO. Every four years, the GC appoints the Director-General. The GC also elects the members of the Industrial Development
Board and the Programme and Budget Committee.
Industrial Development Board (IDB):
comprises 53 members, elected for a four-year term on a rotational basis from
all Member States. It reviews the implementation of the work programme, the
regular and operational budgets, makes recommendations to the GC on policy
matters, including the appointment of the Director-General. The IDB meets once
in General Conference years, and twice in other years.
Programme and Budget Committee (PBC):
consists of 27 members, elected by the GC for a two-year term. The PBC, which
meets once a year, is a subsidiary organ of the IDB and provides assistance in
the preparation and examination of the work programme, the budget and other
The geographical focus of the Organization’s activities is the developing countries, in
particular the least developed countries. (http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=7840
India - UNIDO:
India is a founder Member of the UNIDO. It is both a recipient as well as a contributor to the programmes of UNIDO.
India contributes to the regular budget of UNIDO, which currently amounts to Euros 0.5 million annually from Non-Plan provision. In addition, India also makes a voluntary
contribution of US $ 1.2 million to the Industrial Development Fund (IDF) of UNIDO annually from Non-Plan provision. This contribution has two components;
A General Purpose Component of US $ 0.1 million which is utilized by UNIDO for its technical cooperation activities in developing countries.
A Special Purpose Component of US $ 1.1 million utilized for implementation of projects in India.
UNIDO Regional Office in India
Regional Office for South Asia, set up in New Delhi on 1st January
2000, covers seven countries – India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan,
Maldives and Afghanistan – and acts as a focal point to mobilize knowledge,
information, skills and technology to promote competitive industry, productive
employment and a sound environment by applying best practices and approaches to
common problems of the region.
elements of UNIDO’s delivery of technical cooperation services in the South Asia
region are to focus its activities in harmony with national policy priorities
and development strategies; to build strong and long‐term partnerships with
donors; to increase UNIDO’ visibility and image in the region; and to focus its
assistance in a manner that addresses international development goals,
especially the UN Millennium Development Goals, of reducing poverty and
promoting implementation of national strategies for sustainable development. The
UNIDO activities in India are available in http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=6822 .
Country Programme of Cooperation between the Republic of India and UNIDO-2013-17
Towards inclusive growth: Strengthening the competitiveness and productivity of industrial enterprises.
A Country Program of Cooperation between the Republic of India and UNIDO was signed in Vienna in September, 2013.
The UNIDO Country Program 2013-2017 (CP13-17) serves as the portfolio of development interventions of UNIDO in India,
as aligned with the Government’s 12th 5-Yr Plan and the United Nations Development Action Framework (2013-2017). The CP 13-17 will have a strategic focus on sustainable industrial
undertaken in the previous cycle of the Country Program 2008-2012. The Program aims at raising the competitiveness of industrial enterprises through technology-oriented initiatives
to increase productivity, quality, energy efficiency, occupational health and safety and the environmental sustainability of industrial production. The Program will be implemented
by the UNIDO with the budget to the tune of US$ 101.15 Million.
Aims and expected results of the Country Program 2013-17
sustainable and cleaner industrial development by applying various technical and
policy tools and methodologies
“Green Industry” initiative in policies and programmes to assist the Government
and private sector in addressing both the transition towards resource-efficient
and cleaner production processes;
development of the environmental services sector;
environmentally sound management of hazardous substances, such as Persistent
Organic Pollutants and Ozone Depleting Substances;
demonstration and direct industrial application of energy efficient technologies
as well as renewable sources of energy development to contribute to the
challenges of climate change mitigation;
capacity and modalities of implementation for the adoption of energy management
Expanded private sector development, particularly MSMEs, through
improvements in marketability and technology, skill-building, increasing access
to finance and expanding opportunities for indigenous industries
Increased competitiveness of
MSMEs in target clusters and industries, especially those prioritized by
Government of India;
Enhanced and reliable supply
chains of industrial sectors to national and international buyers in their
respective value chains and clusters;
Accelerated transfer of
technology and upgraded technologies among industries in India and between
viable private sector SMEs in India and those in other developing countries;
Increased productivity and
improved quality of the manufacturing sector, both its production and services;
Establishment of enhanced knowledge-base towards sustainable industrial
technologies towards productivity and quality enhancement both among industries
in India and with those in developing countries;
capacity for promoting the adoption of international standards and norms, e.g.,
food safety and quality standard;
accessibility of the best available technologies and practices for adoption and
deployment by the productive sector, particularly among MSMEs.
UNIDO Centre for South-South Industrial Cooperation (UCSSIC-II), New Delhi
The UNIDO Centre for South-South Industrial Cooperation
(Phase-II) is under operation from 1st May, 2013 in New Delhi and was formally signed in September, 2013 in UNIDO Hqrs. Vienna
The main objective of the Centre is to enhance South-South industrial cooperation between the host country (India) and developing
countries by way of (1) identification, design and implementation of technical cooperation (pilot) projects and programmes on a demand-driven basis mainly in LDCs, (2) by
functioning as matchmaker, catalyst and broker between interested development parties. This is realized by identifying and mobilizing technical, financial, managerial, and
other resources required within the framework of South-South industrial cooperation, in order to achieve overall development goals.