UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION (UNIDO)
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry is the nodal department in Government of India for
all matters related to UNIDO operations in India.
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) was set up in 1966 and became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1985,
dealing exclusively with industrial development. It focuses its resources and expertise to support developing countries and economies in transition to achieve
sustainable industrial development. As a technical cooperation agency, it designs and implements programmes focused on its thematic priorities, which directly
respond to global development priorities. Through these thematic priorities, UNIDO addresses some of the key UN Millennium Development Goals. UNIDO currently
has 170 Members and is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.
UNIDO is headed by a Director-General who is elected by the General Conference of UNIDO for a term of four years. In June 2013, during the Special session of the General
Conference, Mr. Li Yong from People’s Republic of China was elected as the new Director-General of UNIDO. Mr. Yong officially visited India on 14-17 January 2015 for attending
the Partnership Summit 2015 in Jaipur and held a meeting with Secretary Shri Amitabh Kant on 14th January 2015 in New Delhi and discussed the Make in India program and issues
pertaining to India. Secretary, DIPP attended the 43rd Session of Industrial Development Board in June 2015 in Vienna.
The main Policy Making Organs of UNIDO are the General Conference, Industrial Development Board and the Programme and Budget
Committee. India is a member of all these three organs.
General Conference (GC):
The General Conference determines the guiding principles and policies of the Organization and approves the
budget and work programme. Every four years, the Conference appoints the Director-General. It also elects the members of the Industrial Development Board and of the Programme
and Budget Committee. The Committees meets every two years.
The 16th General Conference of UNIDO was held during 30th November-4th December in Vienna International Centre,
Austria. The General Conference was organized under the overreaching theme “Sustainable Industrialization for shared prosperity”. In the General Conference, countries are selected
as the members of the Industrial Development Board (IDB) and Programme and Budget Committee (PBC) for a period of four and two years respectively. India retained its membership in
Programme and Budget Committee (PBC)
Industrial Development Board (IDB)
The Board has 53 members, elected for a four-year term on a rotational basis. It reviews the implementation of
the work programme, the regular and operational budgets and makes recommendations to the Conference on policy matters, including the appointment of the Director-General. The
Board meets once a year.
Programme and Budget Committee (PBC)
The Committee consists of 27 members, elected for a two-year term. It is a subsidiary organ of the Board
which provides assistance in the preparation and examination of the work programme, the budget and other financial matters. The Committee meets once a year.
India - UNIDO:
India is a founder Member of the UNIDO. It is both a recipient as well as a contributor to the programmes of
UNIDO. India contributes to the regular budget of UNIDO, which currently amounts Euros 0.8 million (Rs. 6.8 crore) annually. In addition, India also makes an annual
voluntary contribution of US $ 1.2 (Rs. 7.44 crore) million to the Industrial Development Fund (IDF) of UNIDO. Both of these contributions are made from the Non-Plan provision.
This contribution has two components;
a) A General Purpose Component of US $ 0.1 million which is utilized by UNIDO for its technical cooperation activities in developing countries.
b) A Special Purpose Component of US $ 1.1 million utilized for implementation of projects in India.
UNIDO Regional Office in India
The UNIDO Regional Office for South Asia, set up in New Delhi on 1st January 2000, covers seven countries – India,
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and Afghanistan – and acts as a focal point to mobilize knowledge, information, skills and technology for promoting productive
employment by applying best practices and approaches to common problems of the region.
The core elements of UNIDO’s delivery of technical cooperation services in the South Asia region are to focus its
activities in harmony with national policy priorities and development strategies; to build strong and long‐term partnerships with donors; to increase UNIDO’ visibility and image
in the region; and to focus its assistance in a manner that addresses international development goals, especially the UN Millennium Development Goals, of reducing poverty and
promoting implementation of national strategies for sustainable development. The UNIDO activities in India are available in unido
Country Programme of Cooperation between the Republic of India and UNIDO-2013-17
The Country Program of Cooperation between the Republic of India and UNIDO was signed in Vienna in September,
2013 by the then Secretary, DIPP and DG, UNIDO.
The UNIDO Country Program 2013-2017 (CP13-17) serves as the portfolio of development interventions of UNIDO in
India, as aligned with the Government’s 12th Five Year Plan and the United Nations Development Action Framework (2013-2017). The Program aims at raising the competitiveness of
industrial enterprises through technology-oriented initiatives to increase productivity, quality, energy efficiency, occupational health and safety and the environmental
sustainability of industrial production.
Aims and expected results of the Country Program 2013-17
1. More sustainable and cleaner industrial development by applying various technical and policy tools and methodologies
2. Expanded private sector development, particularly MSMEs, through improvements in marketability and technology, skill-building, increasing access to finance and expanding
opportunities for indigenous industries
3. Establishment of enhanced knowledge-base towards sustainable industrial development
The Country Programme 2013-17 is under revision as some new projects have emerged and some project has been
discarded. Now, the revised budget for the projects to be taken under Country Programme 2013-17 stands at US$ 170.31 Million which was US$ 101.15 Million earlier.
International Centre for Inclusive & Sustainable Industrial Development
A new centre has been set up for the new Country Programme by reformatting the erstwhile UNIDO centres viz.
former ICAMT and UCSSIC, by the name of “International Centre for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development” (ICISID). The ICISID echoes the theme of UNIDO’s post-2015
development agenda i.e. Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development and aims to bring best practices and new improved manufacturing technology to Indian industry and share
India’s experience in cluster based development within the framework of South-South Cooperation. The new centre would be a model centre to promote targeted interventions in
selected Industrial and Manufacturing Sectors. The IC-ISID project document was mutually signed by Secretary, DIPP and Director General, UNIDO in April 2015 and the new
Centre operationalized from 1st May 2015. The 1st Steering Committee meeting of IC-ISID took place on 27th August 2015. Under IC-ISID, DIPP is of the view to undertake
five priority projects related to Leather, Cement, Paper & Pulp Bicycle and Cluster Development. The following three project documents were mutually signed by DIPP and UNIDO:
Kanpur Leather Development Project
Development and adoption of appropriate technologies for enhancing productivity in Pulp & Paper Sector
Development and adoption of appropriate technologies for enhancing productivity in Cement Sector
Shri Amitabh Kant, Secretary, DIPP inaugurating the "International Centre for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development” (ICISID), New Delhi